Discover some fascinating and unusual facts about Africa that will surprise you!


Avenue of the baobabs (Adansonia grandidieri) near Morondava, Madagascar. Picture credit:Pat Hooper from Chicago, IL, USA, CC BY-SA 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

Africa is a vast and diverse continent with a rich tapestry of cultures, landscapes, and histories. Here are some unusual or lesser-known facts about Africa:

Diverse Ecosystems: Africa is home to an incredibly diverse range of ecosystems, including deserts (Sahara), rainforests (Congo Basin), savannas, and mountain ranges (such as the Rwenzori Mountains).

Linguistic Diversity: Africa is the most linguistically diverse continent in the world. It has thousands of languages. Nigeria alone has over 500 languages.

Largest Hot Desert: The Sahara Desert is not only the largest hot desert in the world. It is also larger than the continental United States.

Largest Migration of Mammals: The Serengeti in East Africa hosts the largest terrestrial mammal migration in the world. Millions of wildebeest and other animals move there in search of food and water.

Oldest Human Fossils: Some of the oldest known human fossils have been discovered in Africa, particularly in Ethiopia. The region is often referred to as the “Cradle of Humankind.”

Victoria Falls: These falls are located on the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe and are one of the largest and most famous waterfalls in the world. The falls are known locally as “Mosi-oa-Tunya,” meaning “The Smoke That Thunders.”

Great Rift Valley: The East African Rift, part of the larger Great Rift Valley, is a geological wonder that stretches over 7,000 kilometers, from Lebanon in Asia to Mozambique in Southeast Africa.

Avenue of the Baobabs: Madagascar, an island nation off the southeastern coast of Africa, is known for its unique flora and fauna. The Avenue of the Baobabs is a notable landscape featuring ancient, towering baobab trees.

These facts highlight the incredible diversity and uniqueness of the African continent. Africa’s history, geography, and cultural richness contribute to its status as a truly extraordinary part of the world. Learning resources about Africa are available on our website.


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